Government securities

Долговые обязательства правительства населению. Сумма, на которую выпущены правительственные ценные бумаги, образуют собой государственный долг. Ценные бумаги правительства США, например, делиться на рыночные и нерыночные ценные бумаги. Продажа Казначейством ценных бумаг дилерам образует первичный рынок правительственных ценных бумаг. Обычно продажа осуществляется лотами в 1 млн. долларов. В роли дилеров выступают отделения коммерческих банков, брокерских фирм, специализированные фирмы. Предложение дилерами ценных бумаг правительства образует вторичный рынок правительственных ценных бумаг. Покупают правительственные ценные бумаги на вторичном рынке, как правило, крупные корпорации, коммерческие банки, пенсионные и страховые фонды и компании, иностранные банки. Объем сделок на вторичном рынке ценных бумаг правительства превышает объем сделок на Нью-Йоркской фондовой бирже. Рыночные правительственные ценные бумаги продаются Казначейством в большинстве случаев в форме книжной записи. Нерыночные правительственные ценные бумаги не могут быть проданы одним лицом другому.

См. тж.: Marketable government securities; No marketable government securities.

Economics: Англо-русский словарь-справочник
Долан Э. Дж., Домненко Б.И.

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