Реальная заработная плата
Заработная плата, исчисленная, определяемая в виде количества благ, потребительских товаров и услуг, которые можно на нее приобрести. Реальная заработная плата определяется как размером номинальной заработной платы, так и уровнем цен на потребительские товары и услуги, а также налогов, выплачиваемых из заработной платы. Реальная заработная плата уменьшается при наличии инфляции, если инфляция не компенсируется увеличением, индексацией заработной платы.
Современный экономический словарь
Reinventing Free Labor: Padrone and Immigrant Workers in the North American West, 1880-1930 One of the most infamous villains in North America during the Progressive Era was the padrone, a mafia-like immigrant boss who allegedly enslaved his compatriots and kept them uncivilized, unmanly, and unfree. In this first-ever history of the padrone, Gunther Peck argues that they were not primitive men but rather thoroughly modern entrepreneurs who used corporations, the labor contract, and the right to quit to create far-flung coercive networks. Drawing on Greek, Spanish, and Italian language sources, Peck analyzes how immigrant workers emancipated themselves using the tools of padrone power to their own advantage.
The Theory of Environmental Policy In this book, Professors Baumol and Oates provide a rigorous and comprehensive analysis of the economic theory of environmental policy. They present a formal, theoretical treatment of those factors infuencing the quality of life. By covering both the theory of externalities and its application to environmental policy, the authors have retained the basic structure and organization of the first edition, which has become a standard reference in the field. In this edition, however, they have updated their analysis to incorporate recent research in enviromental economics.
Children, Technology and Culture: The Impacts of Technologies in Children's Everyday Lives (The Future of Childhood) Childhood is increasingly saturated by technology: from television to the Internet, video games to personal computers. The authors look at the interplay of children and technology and pose critical arguments for how we understand the nature of childhood in late modern society.
The Economics of Football This book presents an original economic analysis of the English professional football industry. The economic influences on decisions taken by owners, managers, players and spectators are all considered, using theoretical and empirical methods of economicinvestigation. The empirical analysis draws on English club-level data, with extensive international comparisons. Concludes with an extended discussion of a number of major economic policy issues affecting the future of the football industry, including European super league proposals, contractual arrangements in the players' labor market, and football's evolving relationship with the broadcasting media.
Animals Inc.: A Business Parable for the 21st Century With its previous bestsellers-First, Break All the Rules and Now, Discover Your Strengths-The Gallup Organization rewrote the book on great management. Now Gallup finally makes its classic, hilarious parable, ANIMALS, INC., available to the general public. A story that has proven effective and popular with Gallup clients for over thirty years, this tale introduces you to a group of unforgettable barnyard animals trying to run a successful business. Deciding that education is the key, the members of Animals, Inc. conduct employee surveys, evaluate competencies, and set up training classes. Filled with the excitement and hope that accompany any new project, they work hard to overcome their natural shortcomings. The workhorse tries to operate the computer,the shy sheep makes sales calls, the scarecrow attempts to lay eggs. What results will seem uncannily familiar to the human reader. As revelatory as Who Moved My Cheese? and as funny as Fish!, ANIMALS, INC. will have you laughing and...
Corporate Politics for IT Managers: How to get Streetwise (Computer Weekly Professional Series) 'Corporate Politics for IT Managers: How to get Streetwise' addresses some of the most persistent problems faced by IT managers which undermine their power and influence in their organisations and which prevents them obtaining seat on the board of directors. It deals directly with the IT stereotype and offers advice on how to survive and then thrive despite the odds being stacked against the IT manager. Divided into four parts, 'How the IT Manager Gets Streetwise' begins by placing the IT stereotype in context, and proceeds to challenge the IT persons' habitual behaviours of the past, and present ways of rethinking IT services, before concluding with how managers can become "streetwise" in today's organisations. There are many books onthe market telling IT managers how to construct IT and IS strategies, and even more on how to 'run' an IT department or function. However, few deal with the politics in organisations. 'Corporate Politics for IT Managers: How to...
Breakthrough Business Negotiation: A Toolbox for Managers Breakthrough Business Negotiation is a definitive guide to negotiating in any business situation. This smart and practical book by Michael Watkins, a leading expert in negotiation at Harvard Business School, presents principles that apply to any negotiation situation and tools to achieve breakthrough results. Step by step, Breakthrough Business Negotiation demonstrates how to diagnose a situation, build coalitions, manage internal decision making, persuade others, organize a deal cycle, andcreate strategic alliances. Watkins also explains how to prevent disputes from poisoning deals.
The Good Girl's Guide to Negotiating: How to Get What You Want at the Bargaining Table Emphasizing what women bring to the table (such as listening skills and empathy) and teaching readers how to recognize and control traits that undermine their abilities (such as the tendency toward avoiding conflict or sending internal self-defeating messages), this unique guide instructs and inspires women to negotiate to their best advantage in any bargaining situation.
Trust Within and Between Organizations: Conceptual Issues and Empirical Applications This original book is the first to offer a wide-ranging study of trust within and between organizations from the perspective of several social and management sciences. The specially commissioned contributions, many from well-known experts combine theoretical analysis of problems around trust with empirical study in a range of different organizations in contexts such as China, Japan, India, the US, as well as several European countries. The wide theoretical scope, together with the range of organizationalsettings and the rich empirical detail of behavior around trust and opportunism, make this an important and instructive volume.