Фирма, находясь в условиях совершенной конкуренции, имеет функцию общих затрат ТС=140+10Q+40Q2. При каком выпуске прибыль фирмы будет максимальна, если цена установилась на уровне 250 ден. ед.? Определить размер прибыли фирмы.
MR (прибыль)=TR(общая выручка)-TC(общие издержки)=P*Q-TC=P*Q-140-10Q-40Q^2=250Q-140-10Q-40Q^2=-140+240Q-40Q^2→max
Q=3 – точка максимума (определяется при подстановке в производную значений меньших и больших трех, при прохождение с + на – получается точка максимума)
Ответ: 220 д.е.
Конкурентная фирма имеет краткосрочные общие издержки, которые описываются как ТС=Q3-8Q2+20Q+50. Определите, при каком уровне рыночной цены конкурентная фирма прекратит производство в краткосрочном периоде.
Фирма прекратит производство, если P=AVCmin
Q=4 шт. – точка минимума
P= AVCmin=4 д.е.
Ответ: 4 д.е.
Кафе требуется обслуживающий персонал. Спрос на труд со стороны кафе описывается уравнением Ld=10 -0,2W. L – количество нанятых, W - часовая заработная плата. На объявление о найме откликнулось семь человек. Двое согласны работать при оплате от 40 руб/час, двое – от 25 руб/час, двое – от 20 руб/час, последний согласен как минимум за 15 руб/час. Определите, сколько человек будет нанянто и при каком уровне оплаты. Сколько человек наймет кафе в случае, если государство законодательно устанавливает минимальный размер оплаты труда в 40 руб/час?
Ответ: 5 человек при заработке от 25 руб/чэ
E-Business and ERP: Rapid Implementation and Project Planning Strategies for Cost-Effective E-Business ERP Implementation?in the Shortened Time Horizons of the Internet Age The need for seamless Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) and e-business implementation is nothing new. What is new is the shorter time frames that now dominate the organizational landscape. Projects that used to take years to complete must now be up and running in a matter of months or even weeks. Moreover, they must be done successfully?the first time. E-Business and ERP is the first book to detail the many aspects of organizing an ERP or e-business project for rapid implementation. This comprehensive guidebook?produced by an experienced manager of rapid application implementation projects?explains how to: Rapidly implement systems that meet current requirements and are easily adaptable to encompass the next generation of technology Better understand and manage the risks associated with such projects ...
Controller's Guide to Planning and Controlling Operations The Controller?s Guide to Planning and Controlling Operations is a comprehensive guide for controllers, CFOs, and budget managers who need to determine: The soundness of sales forecasts The best approach for setting product prices The profitability of customers and market segments Federal tax remittance rules The impact of a just-in-time system on inventory levels Packed with clear and realistic strategies, it helps create a coherent framework of financial plans that apply to the full breadth of ongoing corporate control systems, as well as illustrates: When to use labor and materials standards to control manufacturing How to control research and development costs How to grant appropriate credit levels to customers How to set up an effective capital budgeting process How to create a cost-of-capital calculation
From Cost to Performance Management: A Blueprint for Organizational Development Measurable, sustainable improvements in cost and performance management require more than just isolated methodologies or slogans of the week. They require committed, involved leadership, adaptable systems, and an understanding that cost reduction and performance improvement work best when they work together. From Cost to Performance Management provides application-based guidance for melding the best of today's cost and performance management methods into a unified cost/performance approach that fits your organization's needs, readiness, and identity. This well-rounded resource explores: Shortcomings of existing change and growth management perspectives New methodologies and mindsets for tracking valuable resources that create long-term wealth Organizational development examples from today's most progressive companies Cost continues to be the prime strategic mover in most organizations; unfortunately, it can lead to...
Partnerships and LLCs: Tax Practice and Analysis Written for professional advisors, Partnerships and LLCs is an authoritative reference on all aspects of partnership and LLC taxation. The book consists of six main sections: -- Considerations preliminary to selecting the partnership form of ownership. -- Funding the partnership -- Taxation of operations -- Parter's share of partnership debt -- Disposition of a partnership interest -- Distributions Partnerships and LLCs contains hundreds of examples and practical observationsto assist the reader in understanding and applying the concepts. Coverage is exhaustive and authoritative. This book can be used as an educational tool, a research volume, and as a answer book to address client situations. This is a must-have volume for tax practitioners with partnership clients.
1% Tax Solution The 1% Solution is true tax reform in the 21st century. The book will revolutionize the way we pay taxes. The beauty of the 1% Tax Solution is that it virtually eliminates all Federal taxes on middle class Americans. It gives the middle class temendous economic savings. I have come to believe this is the book's crowning achievement. Imagine the economic system of America contained inside a huge fifty story building. The first floor contains the wages of working Americans, consumer spending, mortgage payments, and so forth. The remaining forty-nine floors consist of all non-consumer spending such as business to business transactions. Money can, and does, flow in any direction on the same floor or between floors. Virtually all the federal taxes are collected on the first floor only. Ninety eight percent of the building has little or no tax burden. The "1% tax solution" transfers one-half the federal budget from the first floor to the other forty-nine floors. Taxing transactions a...
The Tobin Tax: Coping With Financial Volatility In his 1972 Janeway Lectures at Princeton, James Tobin, the 1981 Nobel Prize winner for economics, submitted a proposal for a levy on international currency transactions. The idea was not greeted with enthusiasm, as the 1970s were a period of optimism and confidence in floating exchange rages. Yet, whenever currency crises erupted during the past decades, the proposal for a levy on international currency transactions would once again arise. In the 1990s, two additional facts have sharpened interest in the Tobin tax proposal. First is the growing volume of foreign exchange trading. Second, interest is coming not only from policymakers and experts concerned with the smooth functioning of financial markets. It is shared by those concerned with public financing of development--the fiscal crisis of the state as well as the growing need for international cooperation on problems such as the environment, poverty, peace and security. This work makes a systematic analysis of the proposal...
The Employee's Guide to Stock Options Do you understand what stock is and how stock options work? Or how stock value is created? Do you understand the tax, exercise, and financial planning issues for stock options? If you're like most people, at least some of these issues are perplexing for you. Until now, though, there has not been a book that puts this all together for the everyday employee. The Employee's Guide to Stock Options puts it all in one place in an easy-to-understand format.
The Don't Sweat Guide to Taxes : Avoiding Stress Over April 15th (Don't Sweat Guides) Foreword by Richard Carlson Ph.D. Avoiding Stress Over April 15th. Filing your taxes is an event almost everyone "sweats." With tips on how to stay calm about the deadline, how not to obsess over lost receipts, and how to keep focused, this is the perfect gift for anyone who dreads tax time.
The Birth of Plenty : How the Prosperity of the Modern World was Created FROM THE BESTSELLING AUTHOR OF THE INTELLIGENT ASSET ALLOCATOR Praise for The Birth of Plenty: "Bill Bernstein has given us a compact and immensely readable economic, political, military, and institutional history of our civilization that is a tour de force. Put everything else down. Take a deep breath. Open The Birth of Plenty. And prepare to be amazed. --John C. Bogle, Founder and Former CEO, The Vanguard Group "The Birth of Plenty is a brilliantly written, whirlwind account of how the modern world was formed. It is a hugely enjoyable read, full of vigor and liveliness, and a book every American should possess--at least those who treasure our abundant life and care about our future." --William Schultheis, Author, The Coffeehouse Investor "Put simply, this is my favorite economic history book. It gathers what is interesting about economic history to draw important lessons." --Ed Tower, Professor of Economics,...